What is HTML?

By: Dusty Arlia
Published on January 31, 2013
Last Updated on Saturday, July 18, 2015 at 5:16 PM
Total Updates: 3

HTML is the language of the internet and is the language used to create webpages. You can create a webpage with HTML alone, but the webpage would be pretty boring. We use CSS and JavaScript to liven up webpages.

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. HTML is a markup language made up of markup tags. These markup tags describe the contents of the document. They are the commands that tell the browser how to structure the webpage.

HTML is a standard/specification defined by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). There are several versions of the HTML specification. The most current is version 5, known simply as HTML5.

An HTML document can also be called a webpage. These terms are interchangeable. HTML documents contain HTML tags and plain text. How the plain text is rendered is based on the HTML tags that enclose it. For example, an HTML <script> tag encloses some kind of script (usually JavaScript). Whereas an <h1> HTML tag encloses a heading / title.